National Education Policy–2020 And Classroom Transactions

National Education Policy–2020 And Classroom Transactions

National Education Policy–2020 And Classroom Transactions : ✍ D. Ramakrishna rao













National Education Policy – 2020 aims to provide quality education by 2030 not only for life-changing but also mind-crafting and character-building experiences along with a sound knowledge base. NEP-2020 also envisages having an education system based on the Bharatiya ethos for transforming India into a global knowledge superpower. 

Hence, there is a big shift in the way we educate. Now the concentration is more on Holistic Education (Samagra Siksha) along with the all-round development (Sarvangeena Vikasa) of a student. The thrust is more on building competencies and specific learning outcomes with a reduced content. Now that teacher has to get enriched, empowered, upskilled, upgraded, and updated to meet these challenges. 

To put it in brief following are to be observed in classroom transactions and initiatives. 

  1. Learning Teaching Methods (Pedagogical Changes)

1. Joyful Learning

2. Experiential Learning

3. Interactive Learning

4. Activity-Based Learning

5. Holistic (Head, Heart, Hand) Learning

6. Learner centric process

7. Inclusive learning

8. Inquiry-based learning

9. Collaborative learning

10. Creative learning

11. Communicative (interactive)

12. Digital Learning

13. Discussion oriented

14. Multi-disciplinary

15. Competency-based

16. Knowledge-based

17. Logical thinking based

18. Scientific temperament based

19. Problem solving

20. Interdisciplinary approach

21. Trans-disciplinary approach

22. Teaching under the sky

  1. Learning Strategies

1. Reading and reflection

2. Group task& presentation

3. Seminar

4. Dramatization 

5. Quiz

6. Conferencing (press or general)

7. Mind/concept mapping 

8. Mock parliament

9. Field trips and visits

10. Interview

11. Debate

12. Story narration 

13. Pictorial story/ graphic reading/image harvesting 

14. Emotional formation 


  1. Learning Areas of integration in the concerned subjects

 1. Bharateeya Jnana Parampara

2. Music, Dance, Drama

3. Art, Drawing, Painting

4. Value Education 

5. Culture transmission (Sensitization)

6. Digital Literacy

7. Adhara Bhoota Vishaya

8. Vocational Education 

9. Whole class activity

10. Group activity (Homogeneous & Heterogeneous)

11. Pair activity 

12. Outside the classroom (Societal activity) 

There is also a big shift in moulding students, which we have to plan every day and in every activity. 

  1. From “Learning helplessness” to “learning optimism”.
  2. From “What to learn” to “how to learn”?
  3. Sparking curiosity, nurturing creativity, instilling confidence and caring through hand-on experience. 
  4. Questioning, observing, experimenting, associating (connecting dots) and networking.

We have to plan behavioral shifts among the students to facilitate joyful, engageable and experiential learning. 

  1. From yes to why?
  2. From looking to observing
  3. From being passive to learning to explore
  4. From fear to confidence
  5. From acceptance to leadership
  6. From textbook-bound to being hands-on
  7. From self to social orientation

These are all indicative but a comprehensive discussion has to take place among the teachers in groups at the school level. Of course, we are free to add as per experience and suggestions from elders and mentors. 

(The author is a Retired Principal and National President of Vidya Bharati.)